Refer to these guidelines when filling out the form to submit wine bottle seals to the database. You may also get an idea of the sort of information people are entering by taking a look at the gallery and map. If you have any questions that we have not answered, please contact Eleanor Breen at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Please fill out the form as completely as possible with the information you have available. Not all fields will necessarily be applicable to your seals (e.g. fields like Archaeological Context, Project Name/Number, and Context Date will only be applicable to archaeological finds and not necessarily museum objects). Any information that you are able to input is useful. Of course, the more complete your form, the better!
Location: We do not ask for exact coordinates, as this could be sensitive information. You must provide at least the state and country where the seal was found. You may provide the city and county if known. If the point was found outside of the United States, please select 'Not USA' for the state.
Context Date/Time Period/Date on Seal: We ask for three different dates to cover all of our bases. While some seals have dates on them (Date on Seal field), many do not. For these seals, we must infer a date either from the archaeological context date (Context Date field) or from a broader date range based on things like the shape of the bottle, the glass type, and so on (Time Period field). Because the exact date may ot be known, we ask you to provide a range in decades for the time period and context date.
Seal Type: Select all that apply. Though the distinctions between some seal types are fine, here are some helpful hints for differentiating:
People Related to Seal: This is broken into three main questions. Who was the original owner of the bottle? Who was the original owner of the site at which the seal was found? What was the relationship between these two people? This information allows researchers to study the relationship networks between people. For example, look at the practice seal entry. The bottle owner was John Posey. The seal was found at George Washington's Mount Vernon, so George Washington was the site owner. We know that John Posey was George Washington's friend and owned a plantation and ferry near Mount Vernon. From this information, researchers can infer that John Posey was a guest at Mount Vernon who was following the popular custom of bringing wine as a gift for his host.
Citation: If possible, please provide enough bibliographic information so that someone else might be able to look up the materials from which you drew your data.
The Collections Management Committee of the Council of Virginia Archaeologists, the Commonwealth's professional archaeology organization, created Culture Embossed to collect, disseminate, and promote research on wine bottle seals.